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With Gallup's recent revelation that 42 percent of Americans identify themselves politically as "independent," the prospect of the emergence of a major third party suddenly seems more real. But which party will swoop in to claim the 42 percent that don't affiliate themselves with either Democrats or Republicans? We've compiled a list of 31 political parties that believe themselves to be a viable option for "the other party."

Prohibition Party
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Founded in 1869.

Platform: As of 2012, the party's official platform stretches well beyond simply advocating for the prohibition of alcohol and other drugs. It also supports a voluntary federal Social Security System and "the completion of the fortified fence along America’s southern border."



However, the party recognizes that "the alcohol issue sets this unique Party apart from all others."

Visit their official website for more information.

Communist Party USA
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Founded in 1919.

Platform: The preamble to the party's constitution states that "the living standards of workers and the natural environment on which life depends are under constant attack due to the drive for maximum profits inherent in capitalism."



The constitution then lists the key values to their party's beliefs: jobs and economic security, a decent and rising standard of living, peace, justice, equality, a sustainable environment, gay rights, health care, education, affordable housing, the needs of seniors, democracy, and a fulfilling life for everyone.



Visit their official website for more information.

Workers World Party
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Founded in 1959.

Platform: According to the party's website, the party fights for prisoners' rights and amnesty, an end to imperialist wars and occupations and an end to the death penalty. The party also demands many economic rights, such as free health care and food.



Visit their official website for more information.

World Union of National Socialists
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Founded in 1962.

Platform: National Socialism, or as it is more common called, Nazism, is white supremacy party that believes "Adolf Hitler was the gift of an inscrutable Providence to a world on the brink of Zionist -Bolshevik catastrophe."



The World Union of National Socialists is an attempt to unify all the various local National Socialist parties worldwide."

Visit their official website for more information.

Socialist Equality Party
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Founded in 1966.

Platform: According to the party's "Statement of principles, members accept "the political authority of the International Committee of the Fourth International, the World Party of Socialist Revolution founded by Leon Trotsky in 1938."



Like many other socialist parties included on this list, the Socialist Equality Party fights primarily against capitalism, imperialism and "opportunism." The purpose of the party, according to their website, is "to educate and prepare the working class for the revolutionary struggle against capitalism, the establishment of workers' power and the creation of a socialist society."



Visit their official website for more information.

Freedom Socialist Party
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Founded in 1966.

Platform: The Freedom Socialist party calls itself a "revolutionary, socialist feminist organization" and aims primarily to fight for what the platform calls "revolutionary internationalism" and women's liberation.



"Women, particularly working class women of color, are playing an increasingly vanguard role," the platform reads, "thanks to the rise of the autonomous women's movement and women's caucuses within unions and all political parties."

Visit their official website for more information.

Peace and Freedom Party
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Founded in 1967.

Platform: The peace and Freedom Party is also a socialist party that focuses on "peace and international justice."



"The drive for greater profits by multi-national corporations which direct U.S. foreign policy is a major cause of war," the party's platform reads. "We stand for peace between nations and the right of all peoples to self-determination."

The Peace and Freedom Party also wants to elite all English-only laws and policies, "including those of private employers."



Visit their official website for more information.

Libertarian Party
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Founded in 1971.

Platform: The Libertarian Party, which is one of the more prominent parties outside the two dominant parties, aims to "challenge the cult of the omnipotent state and defend the rights of the individual" according to their website.



Personal liberty, privacy, economic liberty and support of free trade are among the most prominent themes in the party's platform.

Since the party's creation in 1971, The Libertarian Party has contended in 11 presidential elections. In 1927, candidate John Hospers received 1 electoral vote.



Visit their official website for more information.

Socialist Party USA

Founded in 1973.

Platform: The Socialist Party USA maintains many of the same elements as other socialist parties included on this list, as well as the belief that "the personal is political."

"Socialism must ultimately improve life," The party's platform reads. "This cannot be accomplished by demanding that personal lives be sacrificed for the movement. We cherish the right of personal privacy and the enrichment of culture through diversity."

Visit their official website for more information.

National Socialist Movement
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Founded in 1974.

Platform: Another branch of Nazism, the National Socialist Movement has less international ambitions than the World Union of National Socialists.



According to the party's "25 points of National Socialism, "only members of the nation may be citizens of the state." According to the party's "points," one must be "of pure white blood" to be a member of the nation. All others may live in the country as "guests."

Visit their official website for more information.

United States Pacifist Party
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Founded in 1983.

Platform: As of 2008, the party's platform was primarily focused on ending all wars and military actions with which the U.S. was involved.

The party also seeks to repeal the Patriot Act, eliminate the Selective Service System and completely eliminate the military budget. The party also supports universal health care and immigration reform.



Visit their official website for more information.

Socialist Action
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Founded in 1983.

Platform: The Socialist Action party is a socialist party that seeks justice through means of empowerment. The party's website states that they "support and help build autonomous movements for the oppressed so that they can articulate their own demands, and develop political consciousness as a group."



They describe themselves as "active partisans of the working class" who "believe in the need for independent working class politics – not alliances with the capitalists, or any wing of that class."

Visit their official website for more information.

Socialist Alternative
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Founded in 1986.

Platform: Socialist Alternative is a socialist political organization allied with the Committee for a Workers' International. They believe that " Republicans and Democrats are both parties of big business," and have structured their organization "to build an independent, alternative party of workers and young people to fight for the interests of the millions, not the millionaires."



Visit their official website for more information.

Green Party
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Founded in 1991.

Platform: Most notable for being the party with which prominent activist Ralph Nader ran for president, the Green Party supports strong consumer rights protections, economic equality and what the platform calls "environmental justice."



To this date, the Green Party has contested five U.S. presidential elections. In 2000, then candidate Ralph Nader received 2.74 percent of the popular vote.

Visit their official website for more information.

Constitution Party
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Founded in 1992.

Platform: The Constitution Party is essentially a conservative party that espouses states rights, the supremacy of the constitution and individual liberty.



The party takes a strong stance on privacy concerns in light of the War on Terror, stating that "America is engaged in an undeclared war with an ill-defined enemy (terrorism), a war which threatens to be never ending, and which is being used to vastly expand government power, particularly that of the executive branch, at the expense of the individual liberties of the American people."

Visit their official website for more information.

Reform Party of the United States of America
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Founded in 1995.

Platform: The Reform Party of the United States of America considers itself to be a "centrist alternative to the Democratic and Republican Parties."

The party's platform consists primarily of reforms aimed at holding elected official accountable, maintaining a balanced budget, stopping the passage of free trade agreements, and improving government transparency. The party's website claims it to be "the most successful minor party of the last fifty years."



The party claims no stance on social issues, such as abortion or gay marriage, and believes that the government needs to "fundamentally reform the Federal Budget and budget process, review all departments and agencies, eliminate overlapping jurisdiction over services, and base budgetary decisions on cost effectiveness and critical need."

Visit their official website for more information.

Christian Liberty Party
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Founded in 1996.

Platform: The Christian Liberty Party is a faith based party that promotes limited government, and asserts that "Christ as the source of Liberty for both men and nations."



"As worshipers of the one true God," the party's website reads, "we boldly proclaim God’s Lordship over politics."

Visit their official website for more information.



*Prior to 2010, the Christian Liberty Party was known as the American Heritage Party.

Independent American Party
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Founded in 1998.

Platform: Among the seven principles of the Independent American Party is the belief that "Government and individuals are to be held to the same standards in regards to the crimes they commit."



The party also disavows any policy it consider to be socialist, and argues that "Our American Republic invites prosperity; the infusion of Communism invites slavery."

Other elements of the party's platform include state's rights, the gold standard and uniform tax rates.



Visit their official website for more information.

America First Party
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Founded in 2002.

Platform: The America First Party is a nationalistic party that aims to "Protect English as our common language," as well as to "work to maintain our nation's sovereignty and oppose all attempts to make our nation subservient to the precursors of global government."



The party also seeks to bolster the American economy by promoting a "buy American" policy and provide incentives for businesses to remain in America. America First also seeks to promote traditional families and put an end to "judicial tyranny."

Visit their official website for more information.

United States Marijuana Party
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Founded in 2002.

Platform:The U.S. Marijuana Party considers itself to be the "anti-prohibition party," comprised of people who are "tired of living in fear of their government because of marijuana prohibition."

The party also demands "the right to use any medication our healthcare providers and we deem fit without government interference."



Visit their official website for more information.

Unity Party of America
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Founded in 2004.

Platform: The Unity Party Platform simply has six points without further explanation. They are:

Balanced Budget Amendment
Eliminate the Federal Income Tax
Health care tax deduction
Social Security tithe pool
Term limits
Judges, not gerrymandering



Visit their official website for more information.

Citizens Party of the United States
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Founded in 2004.

Platform:The Citizens Party claims to strive for a post-partisan political culture. They seek to bolster the American economy by encouraging the purchase of American made products, as well as protecting "the family farmer" and reducing factory farms.



Much of the CItizens party platform aligns with that of the Libertarian Party, such as an emphasis on civil liberties. The party also proposes legislation to "post all proposed congressional legislation on the internet for at least 10 days prior to a vote to allow public viewing and input."

Visit their official website for more information.

Party for Socialism and Liberation
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Founded in 2004.

Platform: The Party for Socialism and Liberation is a socialist party that encourages revolution to implement "a system where the wealth of society belongs to those who produce it—the workers—and is used in a planned and sustainable way for the benefit of all."



Visit their official website for more information.

Pirate Party
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Founded in 2006.

Platform: The Pirate Party promotes "reformation of intellectual property laws, true governmental transparency, and protection of privacy and civil liberties."



On their website, the party claims that their platform is aligned with the International Pirate Movement.

Visit their official website for more information.

American Conservative Party
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Founded in 2008.

Platform: The American Conservative Party claims to represent "a brand of Conservatism that we believe best reflects the true and noble intentions of our Founders, which in turn reflected the conclusions of thousands of years of human civilization."



The party's platform espouses many typical conservative beliefs, such as individual liberty and the primacy of the constitution. The ACP also supports strict adherence to the Second Amendment, and does not recognize the authority of any non-U.S. Government organization.

Visit their official website for more information.

Objectivist Party
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Founded in 2008.

Platform: Based on the philosophical writings of Ayn Rand, the Objectivist Party seeks to promote the right to life, thought, property and personal protection.



"Living in society benefits man only if that society recognizes and protects these rights and freedoms," the party's official platform states.

Visit their official website for more information.

Modern Whig Party
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Founded in 2008.

Platform: The Modern Whig Party considers itself to be a resurrection of the original Whig Party, one of the first major American political parties.



The party emphasizes "pragmatic, common sense, centrist-oriented" solutions. The party's core beliefs champion education and scientific advancement, fiscal Responsibility and energy independence.

Modern Whigs do not support the Affordable Care Act, but they do support "the basic goal of expanding coverage to all Americans."



Visit their official website for more information.

America's Party
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Founded in 2008.

Platform: America's Party seeks to first and foremost "Preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."



America's Party also promotes the importance of expressing religious devotion in the public square. The party's website states that members fo the party"willingly accept no breach of the rights of the free exercise of religion, free speech, free press, free assembly, free association, and the right to petition government for the redress of grievances."

Visit their official website for more information.

American Freedom Party
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Founded in 2010.

Platform: The American Freedom Party identifies itself as a "paleoconservative party" that is ardently anti-Israel, and classifies itself as a party for "white Americans."

Visit their official website for more information.

Americans Elect
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Founded in 2011.

Platform: Americans Elect seeks to be the first political organization to conduct a "nonpartisan, national online presidential primary." In other words, it is an attempt at crowdsourcing American politics.



Visit their official website for more information.

Justice Party
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Founded in 2011.

Platform: The Justice Party promotes three pillars of justice: Social, economic and environmental.



"The Justice Party will strive to bring about a peaceful nation that respects the inherent dignity of all people, is in harmony with nature, provides equal opportunity for all its people, and obeys and enforces domestic and international law," the party's website states.

Visit their official website for more information.