Today marks the 150th anniversary since President Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous Gettysburg Address.
But what does four score and seven years even mean? How long was the speech? How many words?
Here is a 150th anniversary quiz that promises to both test your knowledge of the address and provide new insights into the speech and the circumstances under which it was delivered.
There are only 272 words in the famous speech.
1) One minute
2) Two minutes
3) Three minutes
4) A minute and a half
It took Lincoln roughly two minutes to give his famous address.
1) The Gettysburg Address
2) Memorial Speech
4) Speech Thing
Simply labeled as "remarks," Lincoln was never under the impression that he was to give a speech, but to simply dedicate the opening of the Soldiers' National Cemetery.
There are five separate copies of the speech written by Lincoln himself, but only two are from before he gave the speech, with the other three being written after the fact as favors for friends and colleagues.
Of the two that were written before he gave the speech, there is much debate as to which one was the one he held while giving the speech, as both write-ups are missing several words and remarks that Lincoln actually said.
Lincoln was the third to last person on the program and the last speaker.
1) Jefferson Davis
2) Rev. T.H. Stockton
3) Edward Everett
4) Rev. H.L. Baugher
Everett gave a two-hour address, which, seeing as how he was the main speaker for the day, was not that unusual at the time.
Afterwards, Everett would contact Lincoln, saying, "I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes."
A score is 20, so four score in 80 years, plus an additional seven. This refers to 1776, when the Declaration of Independence was issued.
It was 150 years after it put out an editorial criticizing and lambasting the address for political reasons that the editorial board of the Patriot-News, a Pennsylvanian newspaper, retracted the old editorial (when it was under the name Patriot & Union).
While there were likely some last minute additions penciled in, the majority of the speech had been written down before Lincoln left Washington to attend the event.
False, sorta, maybe, possibly
Whether or not there was clapping after Lincoln gave the speech is a much debated matter, though no one believes that it was a thunderous applause given the circumstances of officiating at a cemetery.
Sarah A. Cooke Myers, who attended the event when she was 19, said, "I was close to the President and heard all of the Address, but it seemed short. Then there was an impressive silence like our Menallen Friends Meeting. There was no applause when he stopped speaking."
Historian Shelby Foote says that there was a smattering of applause from the audience but that it was more awkward that praise-worthy.
Though there are reports that Lincoln felt that the speech didn't live up to what he wanted it to, these are generally considered as originating with unreliable sources, with author and historian Gary Wills saying that Lincoln "had done what he wanted to do."