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On this Constitution Day, test your knowledge of the people, places and events surrounding the writing and ratification of the United States Constitution.

Question
Wikipedia

What day was the United States Constitution ratified?

A. September 17, 1787

B. June 21, 1788

C. July 4, 1776

D. March 4, 1789

Answer
Wikipedia

B. June 21, 1788. This is the date when the Constitution became ratified in nine states and therefore became binding on the states that ratified it.

What is significant about the other dates listed on the previous question?

Answer A: On September 17,1787, the Constitution was signed.

Answer C: On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was adopted.

Answer D: On March 4, 1789, the Senate convened for the first time.

Question
Wikipedia

What is the first part of the U.S. Constitution?

A. The Bill of Rights

B. Article I

C. Article II

D. The Preamble

Answer
Associated Press

D. The Preamble

"We the people of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish the Constitution for the United States of America."

Question
Wikipedia

What is Article I of the Constitution?

A. The Bill of Rights

B. The Executive Branch

C. The Legislative Branch

D. The Full Faith and Credit Clause

Answer
Associated Press

C. The Legislative Branch

"All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives."

Question
Wikipedia

What two states were key in the ratification process and the successful installation of the framers' new form of government?

A. Rhode Island and North Carolina

B. Pennsylvania and New York

C. Pennsylvania and New Jersey

D. New York and Virginia

Answer
Wikipedia

D. New York and Virginia

The failure of New York and Virginia to ratify the Constitution "would reduce the new union by two large, populated, wealthy states, and would geographically splinter it," www.archives.gov argues.

Question
Wikipedia

Who is considered the "Father" of the Constitution?

A. George Washington

B. John Adams

C. Benjamin Franklin

D. James Madison

Answer
Associated Press

D. James Madison

James Madison created much of the framework used by the Founding Fathers, in which a stronger central government represented each state in the union. This was after the failure of the Articles of Confederation, which created a form of government where each state had its own sovereignty with a weaker central government.

Question
Wikipedia

Who presided over the Constitutional Convention?

A. George Washington

B. Thomas Jefferson

C. Benjamin Franklin

D. Alexander Hamilton

Answer
Associated Press

A. George Washington

Washington was elected by the delegates to preside over the Constitutional Convention on May 25, 1787

Question
Wikipedia

Where did the Constitutional Convention take place?

A. New York

B. Philadelphia

C. Washington, D.C.

D. Boston

Answer
Associated Press

B. Philadelphia

Both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution were debated and signed inside Independence Hall, located in Philadelphia.

Question
Wikipedia

What branch of government, according to the Constitution, has the power to create and collect new taxes?

A. The Executive

B. The Judicial

C. The Legislature

D. The States

Answer
Associated Press

C: The Legislature

Under Article 2 Section 8: "The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts, and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the Common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts, and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States."

Question
Wikipedia

What is Article II of the Constitution define?

A. The Executive Branch

B. The Legislative Branch

C. The Judicial Branch

D. The Bill of Rights

Answer
Shutterstock

A. The Executive

"The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America."

Question
Wikipedia

Who did not sign the Constitution?

A. George Washington

B. Alexander Hamilton

C. Benjamin Franklin

D. Thomas Jefferson

Answer
Associated Press

D. Thomas Jefferson

Jefferson was in France at the time of the Constitutional Convention.

Question
Wikipedia

Who declined to be elected as a delegate during the Constitutional Convention?

A. Alexander Hamilton

B. Patrick Henry

C. Benjamin Franklin

D. James Madison

Answer
Associated Press

B. Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry was elected to be a delegate at the convention, but he declined because he "smelled a rat."

Question
Wikipedia

Who was the oldest person to sign the Constitution?

A. Benjamin Franklin

B. Jonathan Dayton

C. John Dickinson

D. George Washington

Answer
Associated Press

A. Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin was 81 years old and needed help signing the Constitution due to his old age and bad health. While signing the Constitution, tears began to run down Ben Franklin's face.

Question
Wikipedia

Who was the youngest person to sign the Constitution?

A. Thomas Jefferson

B. James Madison

C. Jonathan Dayton

D. James Monroe

Answer
Associated Press

C. Jonathan Dayton

Dayton was 26 years old and a representative from New Jersey. The city Dayton, Ohio, is named after him.

Question
Wikipedia

Who were the only presidents to sign the Constitution?

A. John Adams and John Quincy Adams

B. James Madison and James Monroe

C. Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

D. George Washington and James Madison

Answer
Associated Press

D. George Washington and James Madison

Question
Wikipedia

How many days did it take to frame the Constitution?

A. 100

B. 90

C. 30

D. 1

Answer
Associated Press

A. 100 days

Question
Wikipedia

Which state ratified the Constitution, even though it had not yet become a state?

A. Massachusetts

B. Virginia

C. Vermont

D. New Hampshire

Answer
Associated Press

C. Vermont

Vermont ratified the Constitution on January 10, 1791, and became a state on March 4, 1791

Question
Wikipedia

Who was opposed to the idea of having a vice president?

A. Alexander Hamilton

B. Elbridge Gerry

C. George Washington

D. Gouverneur Morris

Answer
Wikipedia

B. Elbridge Gerry

Gerry was opposed to the idea of a vice president because he felt it was improper to have close intimacy between the president and vice president. However, he put his personal feelings aside and became the vice president under James Madison.

His name and actions as a politician gave rise to the term "gerrymander."

Question
Wikipedia

True or False:

All of the framers of the Constitution were born in the United States.

Answer
Associated Press

False.

Four of the framers — Pierce Butler, Thomas Fitzsimons, James McHenry and William Paterson —were born in Ireland. William Richardson Davie and Robert Morris were born in England. James Wilson was born in Scotland, and Alexander Hamilton was born in the West Indies.

Question
Wikipedia

How many delegates of the
Constitutional Convention came from the state of Virginia?

A. 1

B. 4

C. 7

D. 10

Answer
Associated Press

C. 7

Delegates from Virginia were: James Madison, John Blair, Edmund Randolph, George Washington, George Mason, James McGlurg, and George Wythe

Question
Wikipedia

Which state had the most delegates at the Constitutional Convention?

A. Pennsylvania

B. Virginia

C. New York

D. Massachusetts

Answer
Associated Press

A. Pennsylvania, with 8 delegates.

Delegates from Pennsylvania were: Benjamin Franklin, George Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, Jared Ingersoll, Thomas Mifflin, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, and James Wilson